International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics 23(3): 501-509, 1992.
Vigliotti AP, Wen BC, Hussey DH, et al.
Forty-three patients were treated with extended field irradiation for periaortic metastasis from carcinoma of the uterine cervix (FIGO Stages IB-IV). Twelve patients (28%) remained continuously free of disease to the time of analysis or death from intercurrent disease, 20 (46%) had persistent cancer within the pelvis, 11 (26%) had persistent periaortic disease, and 23 (53%) developed distant metastasis. The actuarial 5-year survival rate was 32%. The results correlated well with the periaortic tumor burden at the time of irradiation. None of 19 patients (0%) with microscopic or small (less than 2 cm) periaortic disease had periaortic failures, compared to 29% (4/14) of those with moderate-sized (2-5 cm) disease and 70% (7/10) of those with massive (greater than 5 cm) periaortic metastasis. Similarly, the 5-year survival rates were 50% (6/12) with microscopic disease, 33% (2/6) with small gross disease, 23% (3/13) with moderate-sized disease, and 0% (0/10) with massive periaortic metastases. Only 10% (1/10) of patients whose tumor extended to the L1-2 level survived 5 years, compared with 31% (9/29) of those whose disease extended no higher than the L3-4 level. The periaortic failure rates correlated to some extent with the dose delivered through extended fields, although the difference was not statistically significant. Only 8% (1/13) of those who had undergone extraperitoneal lymphadenectomies developed small bowel complications, compared with 25% (7/29) of those who had had transperitoneal lymphadenectomies. The incidence of small bowel obstruction was 8% (1/13) following periaortic doses of 4000-4500 cGy, 10% (1/10) after 5000 cGy, and 32% (6/19) after approximately 5500 cGy. From this, we concluded that the subset of patients who would benefit most from extended field irradiation are those in whom the residual disease in the periaortic area measures less than 2 cm in size at the time of treatment, whose disease extends no higher than L3, and whose cancer within the pelvis has a reasonable chance of control with standard radiation therapy techniques.
Rheinische Friedrich- Wilhelms- Universität Bonn