Medline: 9440748

The abstract Journal of Clinical Oncology 16(1): 237-245, 1998. is available online.

The fulltext Journal of Clinical Oncology 16(1): 237-245, 1998. may be available online for subscribers.

Comparison between single-dose and divided-dose administration of dactinomycin and doxorubicin for patients with Wilms' tumor: a report from the National Wilms' Tumor Study Group.

Green DM, Breslow NE, Beckwith JB, et al.

Abstract:

Purpose:
The National Wilms' Tumor Study (NWTS)-4 was designed to evaluate the efficacy, toxicity, and cost of administration of different regimens for the treatment of Wilms' tumor (WT).

Patients and Methods:
Between August 6, 1986 and September 1, 1994, 1,687 previously untreated children less than 16 years of age with stages I to II/favorable histology (FH) or stage I/anaplastic histology WT (low-risk [LR] group) or stages III to IV/FH WT or stages I to IV/clear cell sarcoma of the kidney (high-risk [HR] group) were randomized to treatment that included vincristine and either divided-dose (standard [STD]) courses (5 days) or single-dose (pulse-intensive [PI]) treatment with dactinomycin. HR patients also received either STD courses (3 days) or PI treatment with doxorubicin.

Results:
The 2-year relapse-free survival (RFS) rates for LR patients were 91.3% for 544 randomized to treatment with PI and 91.4% for 556 randomized to treatment with STD chemotherapy (P = .988). The 2-year RFS rates for HR patients were 87.3% for 299 randomized to treatment with PI and 90.0% for 288 randomized to treatment with STD chemotherapy (P = .865).

Conclusion:
We conclude that patients treated with PI combination chemotherapy for LR or HR WT or clear cell sarcoma of the kidney have equivalent 2-year RFS to those treated with STD regimens. PI drug administration is recommended as the new standard based on demonstrated efficacy, greater administered dose-intensity, less severe hematologic toxicity, and the requirement for fewer physician and hospital encounters.


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