Medline: 8622029

The abstract Journal of Clinical Oncology 14(3): 814-820, 1996. is available online.

The fulltext Journal of Clinical Oncology 14(3): 814-820, 1996. may be available online for subscribers.

Cisplatin and etoposide combination chemotherapy for locally advanced or metastatic thymoma: a phase II study of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Lung Cancer Cooperative Group.

Giaccone G, Ardizzoni A, Kirkpatrick A, et al.

Abstract:

Background:
Thymomas are rare neoplasms of the mediastinum. The role of chemotherapy in advanced thymomas is not fully established.

Patients and Methods:
In the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Lung Cancer Cooperative Group, 16 patients with recurrent or metastatic malignant thymoma were entered over 6 years onto a study of combination chemotherapy that consisted of cisplatin 60 mg/m2 on day 1 and etoposide 120 mg/m2 on days 1, 2, and 3, every 3 weeks.

Results:
A median of six courses per patient was administered. Main side effects of treatment were leukopenia, nausea and vomiting, and alopecia. Five complete responses and four partial responses were obtained, with a median response duration of 3.4 years. The median progression-free survival and survival times were 2.2 years and 4.3 years, respectively, with a median follow-up duration of 7 years.

Conclusion:
The combination of cisplatin and etoposide is highly effective and well tolerated in advanced thymoma. The investigation of this combination in a neoadjuvant setting in unresectable invasive thymoma is warranted.


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