Medline: 8099474

Annals of Surgery 217(6): 595-603, 1993.

Management of pheochromocytomas in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 syndromes.

Lairmore TC, Ball DW, Baylin SB, et al.

Abstract:

Objective:
The authors sought to determine the optimal surgical management of pheochromocytomas that develop in patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type 2 syndromes. SUMMARY

Background:
DATA: The performance of empirical bilateral adrenalectomy in patients with MEN 2A or MEN 2B, whether or not they have bilateral pheochromocytomas, is controversial.

Methods:
The results of unilateral or bilateral adrenalectomy were studied in 58 patients (49 with MEN 2A and 9 with MEN 2B). Recurrence of disease was evaluated by measuring 24-hour urinary excretion rates of catecholamines and metabolites and by computed tomography (CT) scanning.

Results:
The mean postoperative follow-up was 9.40 years. There was no operative mortality and malignant or extra-adrenal pheochromocytomas were not present. Twenty-three patients with a unilateral pheochromocytoma and a macroscopically normal contralateral gland underwent unilateral adrenalectomy. A pheochromocytoma developed in the remaining gland a mean of 11.87 years after the primary adrenalectomy in 12 (52%) patients. Conversely, 11 (48%) patients did not develop pheochromocytoma during a mean interval of 5.18 years. In the interval after unilateral adrenalectomy, no patient experienced hypertensive crises or other complications related to an undiagnosed pheochromocytoma. Ten (23%) of 43 patients having both adrenal glands removed (either at a single operation or sequentially) experienced at least one episode of acute adrenal insufficiency or Addisonian crisis, including one patient who died during a bout of influenza.

Conclusions:
Based on these data, the treatment of choice for patients with MEN 2A or MEN 2B and a unilateral pheochromocytoma is resection of only the involved gland. Substantial morbidity and significant mortality are associated with the Addisonian state after bilateral adrenalectomy.


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