Medline: 1586723

Blood 79(10): 2771-2774, 1992.

Should HLA-identical sibling bone marrow transplants for leukemia be restricted to large centers?

Horowitz MM, Przepiorka D, Champlin RE, et al.

Abstract:

There is substantial evidence that the volume of medical procedures in a hospital has an inverse relationship with mortality. We analyzed data for 1313 recipients of HLA-identical sibling bone marrow transplants for early leukemia (acute leukemia in first remission or chronic myelogenous leukemia in first chronic phase) to determine whether transplant outcome differed in small and large centers. Transplants were performed in 86 bone marrow transplant centers active between the years 1983 and 1988, which participated in the International Bone Marrow Transplant Registry. Twenty-one (24%) centers performed five or fewer allogeneic transplants per year during the study period; five (6%) performed more than 40 per year. After adjustment for differences in patient and disease characteristics, the relative risks of treatment-related mortality (1.53, P less than .01) and treatment failure (1.38, P less than .04) were higher among patients who received transplants at centers doing five or fewer transplants per year than among those at larger centers. Among patients receiving transplants in centers performing more than five transplants a year, there was no statistically significant correlation between number of transplants and outcome.


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