Medline: 1919634

Journal of Clinical Oncology 9(10): 1840-1847, 1991.

Successful treatment of acute myeloid leukemia beyond first remission with autologous bone marrow transplantation using busulfan/cyclophosphamide and unpurged marrow: The British Autograft Group experience.

Chopra R, Goldstone AH, McMillan AK, et al.


The results in 34 adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who have undergone autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) using busulfan and cyclophosphamide (Bu/Cy) in 12 United Kingdom (UK) centers have been analyzed. There were 19 females and 15 males; median age was 40 years (range, 21 to 62 years). Nine patients were in first relapse; 25 were in second remission. The median time of first remission for the whole group was 11.5 months (range, 1 to 56 months). All the patients in first relapse and six patients in second remission received first remission marrow. The leukemia-free survival (LFS) for the patients in first relapse was 33%, with a median follow-up of 20 months. The LFS for the patients in second remission was 48% with a median follow-up of 26 months. The length of second remission exceeds the length of first remission in 14 patients. Considerable toxicity with hemorrhagic cystitis (four patients; none fatal), venoocclusive disease (four patients; one fatal), pneumonitis (four patients; one fatal), intracranial hemorrhage (two patients; two fatal) has occurred. There have been four procedure-related deaths (12%). Hematologic recovery was satisfactory for neutrophils (median time to 0.5 x 10(9)/L, 22 days [range, 11 to 101 days]), but very slow for platelets (median time to 50 x 10(9)/L, 62 days [range, 15 to 1,080 days]). This study suggests that the use of Bu/Cy with ABMT for patients beyond first remission in AML compares favorably with chemotherapy, and although the procedure-related mortality is acceptable, it is associated with protracted platelet recovery.

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