Medline: 2665858

Blood 74(2): 862-871, 1989.

Marrow transplantation for acute lymphoblastic leukemia: factors affecting relapse and survival.

Barrett AJ, Horowitz MM, Gale RP, et al.


Transplant outcome was analyzed in 690 recipients of bone marrow transplants (BMTs) for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in first (n = 299) or second remission (n = 391). Actuarial 5-year leukemia-free survival was 42% +/- 9% (95% confidence interval) and 26% +/- 6%, respectively; relapse rates were 29% +/- 9% and 52% +/- 8%, respectively. Five-year leukemia-free survival was 56% +/- 18% in children and 39% +/- 10% in adults (P less than .02) transplanted in first remission. In first-remission adults, non-T-cell phenotype, male to female donor-recipient sex-match and graft-v-host disease (GVHD) were associated with decreased leukemia-free survival; inclusion of corticosteroids in the regimen to prevent GVHD was associated with increased leukemia-free survival. Variables associated with decreased leukemia-free survival after second-remission transplants were age greater than or equal to 16 years and relapse occurring while on therapy. Variables associated with increased probability of relapse were similar for first- and second-remission transplants and included GVHD prophylaxis without methotrexate and absence of GVHD. In first-remission transplants, leukocyte count greater than or equal to 50 x 10(9)/L at diagnosis was also associated with increased relapse; in second remission, relapse while receiving chemotherapy was also associated with increased posttransplant relapse. These data emphasize the importance of both disease- and transplant-related variables in predicting outcome after BMT. They may be used to explain differences between studies, design future trials, and identify persons most likely to benefit from BMT.

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