Medline: 3002919

Gynecologic Oncology 23(2): 212-221, 1986.

Adjuvant therapy in mixed mullerian tumors of the uterus.

Kohorn EI, Schwartz PE, Chambers JT, et al.

Abstract:

We report 54 patients with mixed mullerian tumors of the uterus treated at Yale-New Haven Hospital from 1962 to 1983. Seven had previous pelvic irradiation. Twenty-five neoplasms were homologous and 29 were heterologous. The mainstay of therapy was surgery and radiation. By FIGO criteria 9 patients had stage IA disease, 31 stage IB, 6 stage II, and 8 patients had clinical extrauterine disease. Ten of forty-six patients (23%) with FIGO stage I and II disease had extrauterine disease found at surgery. No patient with extrauterine disease had prolonged survival. The 2-year disease-free survival with stage IA was 66%, with stage IB surgically confirmed 32%, and for stage II 33%. Surgically advanced disease in clinical stage I and II patients and recurrence were associated more frequently with a heterologous histology (67%). The small uterus with a less than 10-cm cavity had a better prognosis. Among 29 surgically confirmed stage I and II patients, 83% of recurrences appeared within 2 years (mean 16 months +/- 7 months). Patients who received both intracavitary radiation and external beam developed only 17.6% pelvic recurrence but this reduction in local recurrence was not associated with significant improved long-term survival. Six of eight patients treated with cis-platinum, Adriamycin, and dimethyl triazeno imidazole carboximide for persistent disease or for recurrence showed response for 4 to 24 months, none complete. Five patients were treated by radiation, surgery, and adjuvant chemotherapy (4 with Adriamycin-Cytoxan, 1 with Adriamycin-platinum). Four of the five (80%) are disease free from 36 to 60 months. These data and the experience of others support the need for a clinical trial with adjuvant platinum and Adriamycin in this disease.


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