Medline: 10839879

Journal of Pediatrics 136(6): 795-804, 2000.

Liver transplantation and chemotherapy for hepatoblastoma and hepatocellular cancer in childhood and adolescence.

Reyes JD, Carr B, Dvorchik I, et al.

Abstract:

Objective:
To describe our experience with total hepatectomy and liver transplantation as treatment for primary hepatoblastoma (HBL) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in children. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective analysis of the perioperative course of 31 children with unresectable primary HBL (n = 12) and HCC (n = 19) who underwent transplantation between May 1989 and December 1998. Systemic (n = 18) and intraarterial (n = 7) neoadjuvant chemotherapy were administered; follow-up ranged from 1 to 185 months.

Results:
For HBL, 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year posttransplantation survival rates were 92%, 92%, and 83%, respectively. Intravenous invasion, positive hilar lymph nodes, and contiguous spread did not have a significant adverse effect on outcome; distant metastasis was responsible for 2 deaths. Intraarterial chemotherapy was effective in all patients treated. For HCC, the overall 1-year, 3-year, and 5-year disease-free survival rates were 79%, 68%, and 63%, respectively. Vascular invasion, distant metastases, lymph node involvement, tumor size, and gender were significant risk factors for recurrence. Intraarterial chemotherapy was effective in 1 of 3 patients. Six patients died of recurrent HCC, and 3 deaths were unrelated to recurrent tumor.

Conclusion:
Liver transplantation for unresectable HBL and HCC can be curative. Risk factors for recurrence were significant only for HCC, with more advanced stages amenable to cure in the HBL group.


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