Journal of Clinical Oncology 18(7): 1500-1507, 2000. is available online.
Journal of Clinical Oncology 18(7): 1500-1507, 2000. may be available online for subscribers.
Landman-Parker MJ, Pacquement H, Leblanc T, et al.
The French Society of Pediatric Oncology MDH82 study demonstrated the effectiveness of 20 Gy irradiation of involved fields after doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) or mechlorethamine, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone/ABVD chemotherapy in children with localized Hodgkin's disease (HD). The response to primary chemotherapy was the only predictor of survival. To reduce long-term treatment complications without compromising efficacy, the MDH90 study was based on a new chemotherapy regimen devoid of both alkylating agents and anthracycline, followed by 20 Gy of radiotherapy (RT) for good responders.
Patients and Methods:
From January 1990 to July 1996, 202 children were enrolled from 30 institutions. Good responders to four cycles of vinblastine, bleomycin, etoposide (VP16), and prednisone (VBVP) were given 20 Gy of RT and no further therapy. Poor responders were given vincristine, procarbazine, prednisone, and doxorubicin. After a second evaluation, good responders were given 20 Gy of RT, and poor responders were given 40 Gy of RT.
One hundred seventy-one patients (85%) were good responders to VBVP, 27 (15%) were poor responders, and four did not respond. With a median follow-up of 74 months (range, 25 to 117 months), the 5-year overall survival rate (mean +/- SD) is 97.5% +/- 2.1%, and the event-free survival rate (mean +/- SD) is 91.1% +/- 1.8%. Significant predictors of worse event-free survival in multivariate analysis were hemoglobin < 10.5 g/L, "b" biologic class, and nodular sclerosis.
These results suggest that most children with clinical stage I and II HD can be treated with chemotherapy devoid of alkylating agents and anthracycline, followed by low-dose RT.
Rheinische Friedrich- Wilhelms- Universität Bonn